What is diabetes disease?
What is diabetes disease – Diabetes is a long-term illness that affects how your body converts food into energy.
Most food is turned into sugar (glucose) and sent through your bloodstream. When your blood sugar level gets too high, your pancreas makes insulin. Insulin is a key that lets sugar from the blood get into cells and be used as energy.
Diabetes means that your body doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use it as well as it should. Too much sugar stays in the blood when there isn’t enough insulin or when cells stop responding to insulin. Over time, this can cause significant health problems like heart disease, loss of sight, and kidney disease.
Although diabetes can’t be cured, losing weight, eating healthy foods, and working out can help. Diabetes can have less of an effect on your life if you take your medicine when you need to, learn how to manage it on your own, get help, and keep your doctor’s appointments.
Global Overview Of Diabetes
In 2014, 8.5% of people over 18 years old had diabetes disease than Diabetes was solely responsible for 1.5 million deaths in 2019, with 48 percent of all diabetes-related deaths in people younger than 70.
Between 2000 and 2016, the number of people dying too young because of diabetes went up by 5 percent. From 2000 to 2010, diabetes-related deaths in high-income countries came down, but from 2010 to 2016, they did go up. In both eras, diabetes caused an increase in early deaths in lower-middle-income countries.
Between 2000 and 2020, the chance of dying between 30 and 70 from any of the four non-communicable diseases (heart disease, cancer, chronic lung disease, or diabetes) fell by 20% worldwide.
diabetes symptoms and How many types ?
There are different types of diabetes disease
Type 1 Diabetes
An autoimmune diabetes disease that makes your body attack itself is called an autoimmune disease. When this happens, the cells in your pancreas that make insulin are hurt. So, up to 10% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Most of the time, children and young adults are the ones who get sick. Diabetes used to be called “juvenile” diabetes. Every day, patients with type 1 diabetes must take insulin. Because of this, it is also called diabetes, which needs insulin.
diabetes Symptoms of type 1 diabetes :
- extreme hunger
- increased thirst
- unintentional weight loss
- frequent urination
- blurry vision
Type 2 Diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes disease, your body can’t use insulin properly and can’t keep your blood sugar at normal levels. Type 2 diabetes affects 95% of people with diabetes. It takes a long time to get worse and is usually found in adults (but more and more in children, teens, and young adults). Get your blood sugar checked if you are at risk because you might not notice any signs. People can avoid or put off getting type 2 diabetes by making healthy changes to their lives, such as losing weight, eating healthy foods, and exercising.
diabetes Symptoms of type 2 diabetes :
- Increased hunger
- Increased thirst
- Also increased urination
- Blurry vision
- Sores that are slow to heal
The stage before Type 2 diabetes disease is called prediabetes. Your blood sugar levels are higher than usual, but they are not high enough to diagnose Type 2 diabetes.
Pre-Diabetes Symptoms :
Pre-diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
- Pre-diabetes usually has no symptoms, so you may not know you have it unless you have a blood test.
- Pre-diabetes symptoms can include feeling tired, having trouble sleeping, and urinating more often.
- One symptom is having high levels of sugar in your blood. This can be measured with a simple blood test.
- Another symptom is having high levels of insulin in your blood. Insulin is a hormone that helps to regulate blood sugar levels
- If you have pre-diabetes, you are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
- If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor so that you can be diagnosed and treated.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can happen in some pregnant women. This diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy. Having gestational diabetes, however, makes you more likely to get type 2 diabetes.
diabetes risk factors
Type 1 Diabetes risk factors
So If you’re a child or teenager, have a parent or sibling with the disease, or inherit specific genes connected to the condition, you’re more likely to get type 1 diabetes.
- The pancreas has been injured (such as by infection, tumor, surgery, or accident).
- Autoantibodies (antibodies that mistakenly attack your tissues or organs) are present.
- Physical tension (such as surgery or illness).
- Virus-caused disease exposure
Type 2 diabetes risk factors
Your risk for type 2 diabetes increases if you:
- are overweight
- are age 45 or older
- have a parent or sibling with the condition
- aren’t physically active
- have had gestational diabetes disease
- Also have prediabetes
- have high blood pressure and high cholesterol, or high triglycerides
Gestational diabetes risk factors
- They are fat.
- Over 25 years old:
- had gestational diabetes during a pregnancy that was different from this one in the past.
- give birth to a child that is more than 9 pounds.
- There is a strong family history of type 2 diabetes in my family.
- polycystic ovary syndrome: I have it (PCOS).
Diabetes Solution (Prevention)
People can avoid or put off getting type 2 diabetes by making simple changes to their lives. To try and stop type 2 diabetes and its complications, people should do the following:
Keep your weight in a healthy range and be active by doing at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity most days. To lose weight, you should exercise more, eat a balanced diet low in sugar and saturated fats, and stop smoking, which raises your risk of diabetes and heart disease. Below is the Diabetes Solution video. Please watch it.
Diabetes disease is treated with diet, exercise, and lowering blood glucose and other risk factors that are known to damage blood vessels. To stay out of trouble, you should also stop smoking.
In low- and middle-income countries, cost-effective and doable interventions include managing blood sugar, especially in type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes needs insulin, but type 2 diabetes disease can be controlled with pills, but the person may also need insulin, blood pressure medicine, and care for their feet.
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The information provided here is only for informational purposes. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Anyone who requires medical advice should seek it from a physician.